Skincare can be extremely overwhelming – especially when it comes to exfoliating skincare acids such as AHAs, BHAs and PHAs. If you’re new to the world of acids, then adding one to your routine might sound daunting but it’s easier than you think.
Read on to learn more about the most popular skincare acids and discover if they’re a product for you.
WHAT ARE SKINCARE ACIDS?
Skincare acids have been a component in skincare since ancient times and they’re now a staple in skincare routines around the world. Known in the industry as a mega-multitasking skincare ingredient, skincare acids are used as chemical exfoliants and the three most popular are AHAs, BHAs and PHAs. When applied to the skin, liquid exfoliators work by breaking the bond between dead skin cells to reveal healthier, fresher and glowing skin.
AHAs (Alpha Hydroxy Acids) are a water-soluble acid derived from fruits and milk. Examples include glycolic acid, lactic acid and citric acid. AHAs promote a smooth complexion and improve the appearance of fine lines, sun damage and uneven skin tone as they exfoliate the skin's surface and help remove dead skin cells. AHAs are great for people with dry or sun-damaged skin, as well as people with hyperpigmentation or age spots.
BHAs (Beta Hydroxy Acids) are oil-soluble acids which makes them effective in deeply penetrating and cleaning out pores and congested oily complexions. Salicylic acid is the most common BHA found in skincare products and BHAs are recommended for people who suffer from white and blackheads, oily skin or acne-prone skin as they also help to reduce inflammation.
Similar to AHAs, PHAs (Polyhydroxy Acids) are also a water-soluble acid. PHAs are growing in popularity as they are milder than other acids and also have hydrating and antioxidant properties so they can be used by people with sensitive skin. The most popular PHAs include gluconolactone and lactobionic acid which have a larger molecular size than AHAs and BHAs which means they penetrate the skin slower and reduce the risk of irritation. PHAs are the best acids for people with sensitive or easily irritated skin or for people who are new to chemical exfoliants.
KEEP YOU SKIN CALM WITH GLIST
Incorporating AHAs, BHAs or PHAs into your skincare routine can be a game-changer if you want a clear and glowing complexion. However, it's essential to make sure you’re taking extra care of your skin with protective and soothing products at the same time as using skincare acids. Be sure to apply sunscreen daily and if you experience irritated or inflamed skin when using acid exfoliants, we suggest using a sheet mask like our Instant Rescue Purifying Mask. This cleansing purifying mask features allantoin, a plant extract that soothes and calms irritation and niacinamide, a form of vitamin B3 that calms inflammation, making it ideal to use alongside acid exfoliants.